Sulfur mustard

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  • Abbreviation: H
  • 2,2,-dichlordiethyl sulfide
  • A blister chemical agent (vesicant) type of chemical weapon
  • Mustard vapor exposure greater medical concern than liquid form
  • Damage begins at 1-2 minutes post-exposure with irreversible damage within 20 minutes

Clinical Features

  • Odor of garlic, onion, or horseradish
  • Physical symptoms do not occur until approximately 20 minutes but may take up to 4 hours
  • Penetrates skin, rubber gloves, clothing

Differential Diagnosis

Chemical weapons



  • Immediate decontamination, 0.5% hypochlorite solution will inactivate sulfur mustard but not appropriate for pediatric patients
  • No antidotes for mustard agents


See Also

External Links