Acute fatty liver of pregnancy

Background

  • Rare, potentially fatal complication that presents in second half of pregnancy or (less commonly) early postpartum
  • Exact etiology unclear, but thought to involve abnormal fetal fatty acid metabolism
  • Fat vesicles accumulate within hepatocytes, interfering with liver function

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

  • Often initially misdiagnosed as preeclampsia/HELLP
    • Hypoglycemia, jaundice, ascites, hypofibrinogenemia all more common in AFLP

3rd Trimester/Postpartum Emergencies

Indirect Hyperbilirubinemia

Direct (Conjugated) Hyperbilirubinemia

Hepatocellular damage

Patient will have severely elevated AST/ALT with often normal Alkaline Phosphatase

Pregnancy Related

Transplant Related

Pediatric Related

Additional Differential Diagnosis

Evaluation

Management

Disposition

  • Admit ICU or transfer to center with Ob

See Also

External Links

References

  1. Ko H, Yoshida EM (2006). Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology. 20 (1): 25–30

Authors:

Claire