Transplant complications

Background

  • Transplanted (solid) organ frequency: kidney > liver > heart > lung > pancreas > other (combined and intestines)
  • Most transplant-related emergencies due to one of the following:
    • Infection
    • Medication side effect
    • Graft-versus-host disease
    • Postoperative complications
    • Altered physiology due to transplanted organ

Epidemiology

  • Types of presentations
    • Infection (39%)
    • Noninfectious GI/GU pathology (15%)
    • Dehydration (15%)
    • Electrolyte disturbances (10%)
    • Cardiopulmonary pathology (10%)
    • Injury (8%)
    • Rejection (6%)
  • Acute graft-versus-host disease occurs in 20% to 80% of patients post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); rarely occurs in solid organ transplant [1]

Immunosuppressant Medications

Types

See Also

External Links

References

  1. Tintinalli's