Pulmonary barotrauma

Background

  • Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly
  • Symptoms occur minutes to hours after surfacing
    • Can occur without rapid ascent in patients with obstructive lung disease
  • Lung rupture can lead to pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, or air embolism
    • Pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax do not require recompression

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Scuba Diving Emergencies

Barotrauma Types

Evaluation

Management

Disposition

See Also

External Links

References