GEMC:Prehospital / Disaster / Mass Casualty Medicine

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Contents

General

This the main page for the Global Emergency Medicine Curriculum Project's Prehospital / Disaster / Mass Casualty Medicine section. For point of care treatment information see the respective category page and non-GEMC notes.


Disaster Medicine

Disaster Preparedness

Open Access Written Resources

Blog Articles

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Hendrickson RG, Horowitz BZ. Chapter 6. Disaster Preparedness and Response. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Schultz CH, Koenig KL. Chapter 193. Disaster Preparedness In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2013 ISBN-10: 1455706051. ISBN-13: 978-1455706051. (Cited Dec 4, 2013)

Field Disaster Response

Open Access Written Resources

Blog Articles

Natural Disasters

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Mills LD, Avegno J. Chapter 7. Natural Disasters. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Noji EK, Crook JE. Chapter 86. Natural Disaster Management. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8
  • Reed SB. Chapter 89. Disaster Risk Management Issues. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8
  • Venugopal R, Coppock K, Johnson K et al. Chapter 88. Global Humanitarian Medicine and Disaster Relief. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8

Bomb and Blast Injuries

Open Access Written Resources

Blog Articles

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Halpern P. Chapter 8. Bomb, Blast, and Crush Injuries. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).

Prehospital Medicine

EMS

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

  • Hamilton, Thomas. EMTALA-"Parking" of Emergency Medical Service Patients in Hospitals. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 2006. Accessed 28 December 2013 at www.aaem.org/UserFiles/file/emtala_cms.pdf

Blog Articles

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Video

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Mechem CC. Chapter 1. Emergency Medical Services. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Blackwell, T. Chapter 190. Emergency Medical Services: Overview and Ground Transport. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2013 ISBN-10: 1455706051. ISBN-13: 978-1455706051. (Cited Dec 4, 2013)

Prehospital Equipment and Adjuncts

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Blog Articles

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Video

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Hankins DG, Boggust A. Chapter 2. Prehospital Equipment and Adjuncts. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).

Air Medical Transport

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Allen RC, Cooper JL. Chapter 40. Helicopter Rescue and Aeromedical Transport. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8
  • Rodenberg H, Blumen I, Thomas S. Chapter 191. Air Medical Transport.In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2013 ISBN-10: 1455706051. ISBN-13: 978-1455706051. (Cited Dec 4, 2013)
  • Stone CK, Thomas SH. Chapter 3. Air Medical Transport. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).

Neonatal and Pediatric Transport

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Blog Articles

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Wood. KS, Gordon PV. Chapter 4. Neonatal and Pediatric Transport. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Woodward GA, Garrett AL, King BR, et al. Chapter 6. Emergency Medical Services and Transport Medicine. In: Fleigher GR, Ludwig S, Bachur RG et al., eds. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 6th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 2010 (cited Dec 4, 2013)

Mass Gatherings

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Millin MG, Bonnes B. Chapter 5. Mass Gatherings. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).

Special Situations

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Blog Articles

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Video

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Book Chapters

  • Schwartz RB, McManus JG. Chapter 192. Tactical Emergency Medicine Support and Urban Search and Rescue. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2013 ISBN-10: 1455706051. ISBN-13: 978-1455706051. (Cited Dec 4, 2013)
  • Cooper DC, Lavalla PH, Stoffel RC. Chapter 37. Search and Rescue. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8
  • Hubbell FR. Chapter 36. Wilderness Emergency Medical Services and Response Systems. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8
  • Zafren K, McCurley LH, Shimanski C, et al. Chapter 38. Technical Rescue, Self-Rescue, and Evacuation. In: Auerbach PS. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Elsevier Mosby; 2012 ISBN 978-1-4377-1678-8

Mass Casualty Incidences

Chemical Agents and Mass Casualties

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

  • Biddinger, A. Baggish, L. Harrington, et.al "Be prepared--the Boston Marathon and mass-casualty events.", The New England journal of medicine, 2013 May 23;368(21):1958-60. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1305480. Epub 2013 May 1 Accessed 11/9/2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23635020
  • Vatansever, F' Ferraresi, C; "Can Biowarfare Agents be defeated with Light" Virulence 2013; 4:34 - 33; http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/viru.26475; PMID: 24067444 Accessd 11/25/13
  • George, G. Ramsay, K. Rochester, M. Et. Al. Facilities for chemical decontamination in accident and emergency departments in the United Kingdom Emerg Med J 2002 19: 453-457 doi: 10.1136/emj.19.5.453 http://emj.bmj.com/content/19/5/453.full.pdf

Blog Articles

Not Open Access Written Resources

Journal articles

  • Baud FJ, Barriot P, Toffis V, et al. Elevated blood cyanide concentrations in victims of smoke inhalation. NEJM 1991;325:1761-1766.
  • LTC George W. Christopher, USAF, MC; LTC Theodore J. Cieslak, Biological Warfare A Historical Perspective JAMA. 1997;278(5):412-417. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=417896 Accessed 11/25/13
  • Tami, G., Bruria, A, Fabiana E. et al. "An after-action review tool for EDs: learning from mass casualty incidents.", The American journal of emergency medicine, May;31(5):798-802. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.01.025. Epub 2013 Mar 6. Accessed 11/9/2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23481154
  • Zuzek, C. "The night west blew up.", Texas medicine, 2013 Jul 1;109(7):41-5 Accessed 11/9/2013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23818221

Book Chapters

  • Erik A. Henchal, George V. Ludwig, Chris A. Whitehouse, and John M. Scherer Military Textbook of Medicine Laboratory identification of Biologic Threats Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch18.pdf
  • Horowitz BZ, Hendrickson. Chapter 9. Chemical Agents and Mass Casualties. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Horowitz BZ, Hendrickson. Chapter 9. Chemical Agents and Mass Casualties. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • International Atomic Energy AgencyManual for First Responders to a Radiological Emergency 2006 Accessed 11/9/13 http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/EPR_FirstResponder_web.pdf
  • Schultz CH, Koenig KL. Chapter 194. Weapons of Mass Destruction. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2013 ISBN-10: 1455706051. ISBN-13: 978-1455706051. (Cited Dec 4, 2013)

High Risk Chemicals

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Blog Articles

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Video

Not Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles

  • Arnon SS, Schechter R, Inglesby TV. Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. JAMA. Feb 28 2001;285(8):1059-70.
  • Burgess JL. Phosphine exposure from a methamphetamine laboratory investigation. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2001;39(2):165-8.
  • Burkhart K. Methyl Bromide and Other Fumigants, in Goldfrank’s Toxicological Emergencies; Goldfrank LR, Flomenbaum N, Hoffman RS, et al (eds.) McGraw-Hill Professional, 8th edition, 2006.
  • Burns MJ, Linden CH, Graudins A, et al. A comparison of physostigmine and benzodiazepines for the treatment of anticholinergic poisoning. Ann Emerg Med 2001;37(2):239-41.
  • Busul, K; Bleck, T. "Treatment of Neuroterrorism" Neurotherapeutics (2012) 9:139–157 http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/484/art%253A10.1007%252Fs13311-011-0097-2.pdf?auth66=1385539265_454e0ebaa38182e7f6a6423afa6ed18f&ext=.pdf Accessed 11/25/13
  • Eddleston M, Buckley NA, Eyer P, Dawson AH. Management of acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning. Lancet. 2008 Feb. 16;371(9612):597–607. PMC2493390 Emergency Medicine Ireland Blog http://emergencymedicineireland.com/?s=chemical Accessed 11/25/13
  • Wax PM, et al. Unexpected "gas" casualties in Moscow: a medical toxicology perspective. Ann Emerg Med 2003;41:700-5

Bioterrorism Recognition, Response, and the ED Clinician

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

  • John L Hick, Lewis Rubinson, Daniel T O'Laughlin, J Christopher Farmer Clinical review: Allocating ventilators during large-scale disasters – problems, planning, and process Critical Care 2007, 11:217 (June 19 2007) http://ccforum.com/search/results?terms=bioterror Accessed 11/25/13
  • Kirsty Challen, Andrew Bentley, John Bright, Darren WalterClinical review: Mass casualty triage – pandemic influenza and critical care Critical Care 2007, 11:212 (30 April 2007)http://ccforum.com/search/results?terms=bioterror Accessed 11/25/13
  • Skyberg, J "Immunotherapy for Tularemia" virulence 4:8, 1–12; November 15, 2013; © 2013 landes Bioscience https://www.landesbioscience.com/journals/virulence/2012VIRULENCE0114R.pdf ACCESSED 11/25/13
  • Wein LM, Liu Y. Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: the case of botulinum toxin in milk. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2005;102(28):9984-9989. http://www.pnas.org/content/102/28/9984.full Accessed 11/17/13
  • Murray DB et al. rapid and complete bioavailability of antidotes for organophosphorus nerve agent and cyanide poisoning in minipigs after intraosseous administration. Annals Em Med. 2012; 60(4); 4240430

Blog Articles

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles

  • Bardana EJ Jr. Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS): guidelines for diagnosis and treatment and insight into likely prognosis. Ann Allergy, Asthma, Immunol 1999; 83(6 Pt 2):583-586.
  • Benedek D, Holloway H, Becker S. Emergency mental health management of bioterrorism events. Emerg Med Clin N Am. 2002;20:1-15.
  • Bosse GM. Nebulized sodium bicarbonate in the treatment of chlorine gas inhalation. J Tox Clin Tox 1994;32(3):233-241.
  • Bowler R, Mergler D, Huel G, Cone J. Aftermath of a chemical spill: Psychological and physiological sequelae. Neurotoxicology. Fall 1994;15(3):723-729.
  • Burrows WD and Renner SE. Biological warfare agents as threats to potable water. Environ Helath Perspect 1999;107(12):975-984.
  • Cole LA. Bioterrorism threats: learning from inappropriate responses. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2000;6(4):8-18.
  • Dhara VR, Dhara R. The Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal: a review of health effects. Arch Environ Health 2002;57:391-404.
  • Durodie B, Wessely S. Resilience or panic? The public and terrorist attack. Lancet. 2002;360(9349):1901-1902.
  • Hoffman JR et al. The empiric use of naloxone in patients with altered mental status: a reappraisal. Ann Emerg Med 1991;20:246-52.
  • Houts PS, McDougall MS. Importance of evaluating the context in which notification occurs. AM J Industr Med 2007;23(1):205-210.
  • Keim MJ: Terrorism involving cyanide: The prospect of improving preparedness in the prehospital setting. Prehosp Disast Med 2006;21(2):s56–s60. Accessed 11/17/13
  • Klasner A, Scalzo A, Blume C, Johnson P, Thompson M. Marked hypocalcemia and ventricular fibrillation in two pediatric patients exposed to a fluoride-containing wheel cleaner. Ann Emerg Med 1996;28(6):713-718.
  • Lee DC, Wiley JF 2nd, Synder JW 2nd.Treatment of inhalational exposure to hydrofluoric acid with nebulized calcium gluconate. J Occup Med 1993;35:470
  • Peddy SB, Rigby MR, Shaffner DH. Acute cyanide poisoning. Pediatr Crit Care 2006;7(1):79-82.

Book Chapters

  • Bret K. Purcell, Patricia L. Worsham, and Arthur M. Friedlander Military Textbook of Medicine Anthrax Accessed 11/9/13https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch04.pdf
  • Dembek Z. Pavlin J, Kortepeter M. Military Textbook of Medicine: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Accessed 11/9/13https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch03.pdf
  • James W. Martin, George W. Christopher, and Edward M. Eitzen, Jr Military Textbook of Medicine: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch01.pdf
  • Kermit D. Huebner and James W. Martin Military Textbook of Medicine Consequence Management: The Local and National Response Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch19.pdf
  • Macintyre AG, Barbera JA. Chapter 10. Bioterrorism Recognition and Response: Implications for the Emergency Clinician. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).
  • Mark A. Poli, Chad Roy, Kermit D. Huebner, David R. Franz, and Nancy K. Jaax Military Textbook of Medicine Ricin Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch15.pdf
  • Scarfone RJ, Fred MH, Cieslak TJ., et al. Chapter 07. Emergency Department Recognition and Management of Victims of Biological and Chemical Terrorism. In: Fleigher GR, Ludwig S, Bachur RG et al., eds. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 6th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 2010 (cited Dec 4, 2013)
  • Theodore J. Cieslak and George W. Christopher Military Textbook of Medicine Medical management of Potential Biochemical Casualties: A stepwise Approach Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch20.pdf
  • Zygmunt F. Dembek, Leonard A. Smith, and Janice M. Rusnak Military Textbook of Medicine Botulinum Toxiun Accessed 11/9/13 https://ke.army.mil/bordeninstitute/published_volumes/biological_warfare/BW-ch16.pdf

Radiation Injuries

Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles and Guidelines

Blog Articles

Slide Sets

Open Access Adiovisual Resources

Video

Podcasts

Not Open Access Written Resources

Journal Articles

  • Bennett MH, Feldmeier J, Hampson N, Smee R, Milross C. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for late radiation tissue injury. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD005005.
  • Berger ME, O’Hare FM Jr, Ricks RC, editors. The Medical Basis for Radiation Accident Preparedness: The Clinical Care of Victims. REAC/TS Conference on the Medical Basis for Radiation Accident Preparedness. New York: Parthenon Publishing; 2002.
  • Dill C, Hoffman RS: Radiation Emergencies. Resident & Staff Physician 2002; 48: 24-33.
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): Hospital Emergency Department-Management of Radiation and Other Hazardous Material Accidents (HMA). 1994.
  • Ferguson CD, Kazi T, Perera J. Commercial radioactive sources: surveying the security risks. Occasional Paper No. 11, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, CA; 2003. Accessed 11/17/13
  • Gusev IA, Guskova AK, Mettler FA Jr, editors. Medical Management of Radiation Accidents, 2nd ed., New York: CRC Press, Inc.; 2001.
  • Jarret D: Medical Management of Radiological Casualties Handbook. Bethesda, MD: Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute; 1999.
  • Jarrett DG. Medical Management of Radiological Casualties Handbook, 1st ed. Bethesda, Maryland: Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI); 1999.
  • Kuniak M, Azizova T, Day R, et al. The radiation injury severity classification system: an early injury assessment tool for the frontline healthcare provider. Br J Radiol 2008;81:232-243.
  • Landauer MR. Physiological and Psychological Impact of Low-Level Radiation: An Overview. Military Medicine. 2002;167(Suppl. 1):141-142.
  • LaTorre TE. Primer of Medical Radiobiology, 2nd ed. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc.; 1989.
  • Mettler FA Jr, Voelz GL. Major radiation exposure – what to expect, how to respond. N Engl J Med 2002;346:1554-1561. Accessed 11/17/13
  • National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). Management of Terrorist Events Involving Radioactive Material, NCRP Report No. 138. Bethesda, Maryland: NCRP; 2001.
  • Parker DD, Parker JC. Estimating radiation dose from time to emesis and lymphocyte depletion. Health Physics. The Radiation Safety Journal 2007;93(6):701-704.
  • Patterson AJ. Ushering in the era of nuclear terrorism.[editorial] Crit Care Med 2007;35(3):953-954.

Book Chapters

  • Andrews GA, Auxier JA, Lushbaugh CC. The Importance of Dosimetry to the Medical Management of Persons Exposed to High Levels of Radiation. In Personal Dosimetry for Radiation Accidents. Vienna : International Atomic Energy Agency; 1965.
  • Catlett CL, Rogers JEB. Chapter 11. Radiation Injuries. In: Tintinalli, JE, Stapczynski JS, Cline DM, et al., eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011 (cited Oct 27, 2013).

To be categorized

Open Access

Audiovisual

Podcasts

Prehospital
Disaster and Mass Casualty

Video

Slide Sets

Written Resources

Guidelines

Blog Articles

See Also