Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome


"Violin string sign", adhesions between the liver and abdominal wall.

Clinical Features[1]

Differential Diagnosis

RUQ Pain


CT abdomen (A–D = portal venous phase): A. Homogeneously thickened strip of enhancement (black arrow); B. Lesion in the right paracolic gutter area without exact anomaly density; C. Pelvic fat spaces with increased density, inhomogeneous enhancement, and visible rectal effusion (cross); D. Bilateral ovarian abscess (white arrow) and surrounding uterus effusion.
  • Aminotransferases usually normal or mildly elevated [1]
    • Generally not markedly elevated [2][3]
  • If CT obtained, may show inflammatory changes in pelvic and perihepatic regions
  • Ultimately a diagnosis of exclusion with supporting evidence of gonorrhea or chlamydia



  • Admission criteria same for PID
    • Pregnancy
    • Toxic, systemic symptoms
    • Poor compliance
    • Failure of outpatient therapy
    • Tubo-ovarian abscess

See Also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Livengood et al. Clinical features and diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease. Uptodate.
  2. Curtis AH. A cause of adhesion in the right upper quadrant.JAMA. 1930;94(16):1221-1222. doi:10.1001/jama.1930.02710420033012.
  3. Peter, N. G.; Clark, L. R.; Jaeger, J. R. (2004). "Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome: a diagnosis to consider in women with right upper quadrant pain". Cleveland Clinic journal of medicine 71 (3): 233–239. doi:10.3949/ccjm.71.3.233. PMID 15055246