Whiplash injury

Background

  • Also known as Acute Cervical Strain
  • Sudden acceleration-deceleration trauma that occurs when car is rear-ended

Clinical Features

  • Pain, stiffness, paracervical muscle tenderness

Differential Diagnosis

Neck Trauma

Evaluation

Diagnosis by history and physical exam

Management

  • Use C-Spine (NEXUS) criteria to determine whether imaging is required
  • Consider brain, cord, carotid/vertebral artery dissection if neuro findings are present

Disposition

  • Generally outpatient management

See Also

External Links

References