Template:Hyperkalemia DDX

Hyperkalemia

  • Pseudohyperkalemia: hemolyzed specimen, prolonged tourniquet use prior to blood draw, thrombocytosis or leukocytosis
  • Redistribution (shift from intracellular to extracellular space)
  • Increased total body potassium
    • Inadequate excretion: Acute/chronic renal failure, Addison's disease, type 4 RTA
    • Drug-induced: potassium-sparing diuretic (spironolactone), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
    • Excessive intake: diet, blood transfusion
  • Other causes: succinylcholine, digitalis, beta-blockers