Template:Crofab dosing

Initial Administration

  • Initial dose: 6 vials[1]
  • Typically diluted into 250 cc or 1 L of normal saline and infused over an hour
  • Same dose for both adults and pediatrics (may have to adjust the dilution of CroFab for small children so that they are not volume overloaded)

Maintenance therapy

  • May repeat dose (2 vials) at 6, 12, and 18 hours later if symptoms not controlled[2]
    • Maintance therapy may be indicated after initial dosing based on local protocols even if control is achieved.[3]

Envenomation control measurement

  • Observe for progression of envenomation during and after antivenom infusion
  • Measure limb circumference at several sites above and below bite
  • Mark advancing border of edema q30min
  • Repeat labs q4hr or after each course of antivenom (whichever is more frequent)

Side Effects

  • Acute allergic reactions occur in <10% pts
    • If occurs stop infusion and give epinephrine/antihistamines if needed
  • Recurrent thrombocytopenia has been described up to 2 weeks after transfusion with FabAV and is likely a result of isolated renal clearance of FabAV and persistent presence of actual venom in serum.[4]
    • Warrants close monitoring of platelets by primary physician or return visit after discharge
  • Serum sickness is unlikely but precautions should be given to patents upon discharge
  • Gerardo CJ. The efficacy of crotalidea polyvalent immune fab (ovine) antivenom versus placebo plus optional rescue therapy on recovery from copperhead snake envenomation: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Annals of EM. August 2017. 70(2):233-244.
  • Gerardo CJ. The efficacy of crotalidea polyvalent immune fab (ovine) antivenom versus placebo plus optional rescue therapy on recovery from copperhead snake envenomation: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Annals of EM. August 2017. 70(2):233-244.
  • Crofab treatment agorithmn http://www.crofab.com/documents/CroFab-Treatment_Algorithm.pdf
  • Ruha AM et al. Late hematologic toxicity following treatment of rattlesnake envenomation with crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom. Toxicon. 2011;57:53–59.