Reduced-osmolarity oral rehydration solution
- This is the current ORS solution recommended for oral re-hydration of children and adults
- In 2003, WHO and UNICEF recommended that the osmolarity of ORS be reduced from 311 to 245 mOsm/L .
- Need for unscheduled supplemental IV therapy in children given this solution was reduced by 33%
- 2.6g NaCl
- 2.9g Trisodium citrate
- 1.5 g KCl
- 13.5 g glucose
- per 1L of water
- Sodium = 75 mEq/L
- Glucose = 75 mmol/L
- Total osmolarity = 245 mOsm/L
Reduced-Osmolarity ORS Homemade Solution
|Sugar||6 level teaspoons||25.2|
|Salt (NaCl)||0.5 teaspoons||2.1|
- "New formulation of oral rehydration salts (ORS) with reduced osmolarity." UNICEF.
- Oral rehydration salts
- , "WHO position paper on Oral Rehydration Salts to reduce mortality from cholera." World Health Organization, Global Task Force on Cholera Control.