Heat tetany

Background

  • Hyperventilation leading to:[1]
    • respiratory alkalosis
    • extremity/circumoral paresthesias
    • carpopedal spasm
  • May mimic heat cramps

Clinical Features

  • No cramping in muscle compartments
  • Differentiate from Heat Cramps based on little pain

Differential Diagnosis

Environmental heat diagnoses

Evaluation

  • Clinical

Treatment[2]

  • Remove from heat
  • Decrease respiratory rate

Disposition

  • Outpatient

See Also

References

  1. Waters T. Heat Emergencies In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. McGraw Hill Medical. 2011: 1339
  2. Waters T. Heat Emergencies In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. McGraw Hill Medical. 2011: 1339