- Enveloped, positive-stranded RNA viruses with nucleocapsid
- Very common cause of upper respiratory infection, especially during fall and winter, and some diarrhea in pediatric patients
- MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV types of Coronavirus cause the most severe infections.
- Incubation period: 2-4 days
- Upper respiratory symptoms
- GI symptoms - vomiting, diarrhea, Necrotizing enterocolitis (in neonates)
- Rhinovirus: most common cold virus. Causes around 40% colds.
- as opposed to Coronavirus, this causes cold in other seasons besides winter.
- Rhinovirus is NOT encapsulated as opposed to Coronavirus.
- respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
- Generally no testing indicated
- If needed, nasal swabs can be sent for PCR and immunofluorescent antigen assay
- There is no specific treatment for Coronavirus, since most infections spontaneously resolve.
- Supportive care, no specific treatment
- Rest, hydration, analgesia, antipyretics
- Hand hygiene to prevent spread
- No vaccines have been made thus far to prevent Coronavirus.
- Measures to reduce risk of transmission: fully wash hands, do not touch face without washing hands, avoid close contact with sick contacts.