- Cytomegalovirus (CMV) gastrointestinal disease is an uncommon but serious complication of AIDS.
- The diagnosis of CMV gastrointestinal disease should be suspected in patients with CD4 cell counts <50 cells/microL who present with symptoms of esophagitis, gastritis, enteritis, or colitis.
- The incidence of CMV gastrointestinal disease has decreased substantially since antiretroviral therapy (ART) became available
- Allergy (eosinophilic)
- Infectious Mainly seen in patients w/ immunosuppression (HIV/AIDS, cancer, steroids)
- Pill esophagitis, common culprits:
- Ganciclovir: 5mg/kg/dose IV q12h
- Foscarnet: 60mg/kg/dose q8h or 90mg/kg/dose q12h
- Valganciclovir: 900mg PO twice daily
- May be used for induction therapy, in place of intravenous ganciclovir, in patients who can tolerate and absorb oral medications
- The recommended duration of therapy for CMV gastrointestinal disease in patients with AIDS is 3-6 weeks
- Chronic maintenance therapy is not recommended for CMV gastrointestinal disease unless there is concurrent retinitis or recurrent gastrointestinal disease after induction therapy has been discontinued.