2kg (preemie)

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Critical Care Quick Reference Group

Weight 2 kg
Age Newborn
Broselow Color Grey

Normal Vital Signs

Heart Rate 100-160 bpm
Respiratory Rate 40-60 rpm
Systolic BP 50-90 mmHg


Intubation

Medication Dose Calculation
Pretreatment
Lidocaine 3 mg 1.5 mg/kg[1]
Fentanyl 2 mcg 1 mcg/kg
Atropine 0.04 mg 0.02 mg/kg
RSI
Etomidate 0.6 mg 0.3 mg/kg
Succinylcholine 3 mg 1.5 mg/kg
Midazolam (Versed) 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg
(max 2 mg per dose)
Ketamine 4 mg 2 mg/kg
Vecuronium 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg
Rocuronium 2 mg 1 mg/kg
Equipment
ET Tube (cuffed) 3 ±0.5 age/4+3
ET Tube (uncuffed) 4 ±0.5 age/4+4
Blade 1 Miller or MAC
cm to teeth 9 3 x ETT size

Pulseless Arrest

Medication Dose Calculation
Defibrilation 4 J 2 J/kg
(max 200)
Epinephrine (1:10,000) 0.02 mg 0.01 mg/kg
(max 1 mg)
Amiodarone load (without pulse) 10 mg 5 mg/kg
(max 300)
Lidocaine 2 mg 1 mg/kg
Lidocaine Infusion 100 mcg/min 50 mcg/kg/min
Magnesium sulfate 100 mg 50 mg/kg
(max 2000 mg)
CalCl (100mg/mL) 40 20 mg/kg
(max 1000 mg)
Sodium Bicarbonate (8.4%) 2mL 1 mL/kg
(max 50 mL)

Cardiac with Pulse

Medication Dose Calculation
Adenosine 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg
(max 6 mg)
Adenosine Repeat 0.4 mg 0.2 mg/kg
(max 12 mg)
Amiodarone load (with pulse) 10 mg 5 mg/kg
Amiodarone 2nd/3rd dose repeat loading dose up to total 3 times 15 mg/kg max
Atropine 0.04 mg 0.02 mg/kg
(max 1 mg)
Cardioversion First Shock 2 J 1 J/kg
Cardioversion Second Shock 4 J 2 J/kg
Procainamide 30 mg 15 mg/kg
(max 1500 mg)
Diltiazem 0.5 mg 0.25 mg/kg
Esmolol 200 mcg/min 100 mcg/kg/min
Magnesium sulfate 100 mg 50 mg/kg
Nitroglycerin drip 0.1 mcg 0.05 mcg/kg/min
Glucagon 0.05 mg 0.025 mg/kg

Hypoglycemia

Medication Dose Calculation


D10 W 5 mL 2.5 mL/kg
Glucagon 0.05 mg 0.025 mg/kg

Vasopressors

Medication IV Dose (mcg/kg/min) Concentration
Norepinephrine (Levophed) 0.1-2 mcg/kg/min 8mg in 500mL D5W
Dopamine 2-20 mcg/kg/min 400mg in 250 D5W
Dobutamine 2-20 mcg/kg/min 250mg in 250 mg D5W
Epinephrine 0.1-1 mcg/kg/min 1mg in 250 D5W

Sedation

Medication Dose Calculation
Lorazepam (Ativan) 0.1 mg 0.05 mg/kg
(max 2 mg per dose)
Morphine 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg
Fenatnyl 2 mcg 1 mcg/kg
Ketamine 2 mg 1 mg/kg
Midazolam (Versed) 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg
(max 2 mg per dose)
Propofol IV (initial) 2 mg 1 mg/kg
Propofol (drip) 100 mcg 50 mcg/kg/min

Seizure and CNS

Medication Dose Calculation
Lorazepam (Ativan) 0.1 mg 0.05 mg/kg
(max 2 mg per dose)
Fosphenytoin (PE = phenytoin equivalent) 40 PE 20 PE/kg
Phenytoin (Dilantin) 40 mg 20 mg/kg
Phenobarbitol 20 mg 10 mg/kg
Diazepam (Valium) rectal 0.2 mg 0.1 mg/kg every 2 min
Levetiracetam (Keppra) 40 mg 20 mg/kg
Mannitol 2 g 1 g/kg
Hypoglycemia IV dextrose see glucose table

Trauma

Medication Dose Calculation
Normal saline 0.9% bolus 40mL 20mL/kg
PRBCs (1u=250mL) 20mL
Chest tube (fr) 8
Central line
NG tube (fr) 5

Equipment

Medication Dose Calculation
Chest tube (fr) 8
Central line
NG tube (fr) 5

Fluids

Medication Dose Calculation
Normal saline 0.9% bolus 40mL 20mL/kg
Maintenance 8mL/hr 4-2-1 Rule‎
PRBCs (1u=250mL) 20mL

See Also

Quick Reference Groups[2]

Adult
Category Weight
Large adult 100kg
ADULT 70kg
Small adult 50kg
Pediatric
Broslow Color Weight (Age)
Green 35kg (10yr)
Orange 25kg (8yr)
Blue 20kg (6yr)
White 15kg (4yr)
Yellow 12kg (2yr)
Purple 10kg (1yr)
Red 8kg (6mo)
Pink 6kg (4mo)
Gray 5kg (2mo)
3.5kg (newborn)
Premie 2kg (preemie)

References

  1. Robinson N, Clancy M. Emerg Med J. 2001 Nov; 18(6): 453–457. In patients with head injury undergoing rapid sequence intubation, does pretreatment with intravenous lignocaine/lidocaine lead to an improved neurological outcome? A review of the literature doi:10.1136/emj.18.6.453 PMCID:PMC1725712
  2. Unless otherwise noted, all pediatric dosing per AAP guidelines: AAP Committee on Drugs. Drugs for Pediatric Emergencies full text