Tracheostomy complications

Background

Tracheostomy Sizes

Shiley™ trach tube
  • Average size:
    • Adult: 5-10mm
    • Peds: 2.5-6.5mm

Tracheostomy vs laryngectomy

  • It is important to differentiate between tracheostomy vs laryngectomy
  • If laryngectomy:
    • The stoma is the only way to ventilate the patient.
    • Patient cannot be orally intubated

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Tracheostomy complications

Evaluation

Attempt to find out if patient has a tracheostomy vs laryngectomy from history. If the latter is present, the stoma is the only way to ventilate the patient.

Management[1]

  • Call for airway expert help
  • Sit patient up or in a position of comfort
  • Place on trach collar oxygen or place non-rebreather mask mask on trachesostmy while preparing
    • If any doubt about tracheosomy vs. laryngectomy, be sure to oxygenate nasal/oral airway in addition to stoma
  • Don faceshield, have suction, oxygen, flushes (possibly surgical airway supplies)
  • Remove speaking valve or cap (if present)
  • Remove inner cannula
  • If unable to pass suction catheter at this point, deflate cuff and consider removing tracheostomy tube

Disposition

See Also

References

  1. National Tracheostomy Safety Project. Review date 1/4/2014

https://www.ccam.net.au/handbook/tracheostomy/ Date accessed: 4/24/2018

Authors:

Ross Donaldson