Toxocara canis

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Background

Clinical Features

  • Visceral toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans)
    • Larvae travel through liver / lungs / CNS causing fever, cough, enlarged liver, pneumonia
  • Ocular toxocariasis (ocular larva migrans)
    • Larvae travel to the eye causing inflammation and scarring of retina, usually only one eye, irreversible vision loss

Differential Diagnosis

Workup

Management

  • Diethylcarbamazine 6mg/kg/day divided TID x 7-10 days OR mebendazole 100-200mg BID x 5 days OR albendazole 400mg BID x 3-5 days

Disposition

See Also

External Links

References

Authors:

Ross Donaldson