Emergency medical services (EMS)

US levels of EMS personnel training[1]
Current Name Former Name Training Requirements[2] Authorized Skills
Emergency Medical Responder First Responder ~60 hours
  • Basic first aid and airway management (including OPA and BVM)
  • AED use
  • Epi-pen
Emergency Medical Technician EMT - Basic ~150-200 hours
  • Basic first aid and airway management (including OPA/NPA and BVM)
  • Assist patients in taking home meds
  • Limited medication administration (ASA, oral glucose, etc per medical director)
  • Oxygen administration
  • Monitoring vitals
Advanced Emergency Medical Technician EMT - Intermediate ~300-450 hours
  • Begin IVs/IOs
  • Limited IV medication administration
  • Cardiac monitoring and 12-lead ECG
  • Airway management (including Supraglottic airway but NOT endotracheal tube)
Paramedic EMT - Paramedic 1000-2000 hours
  • Begin IVs/IOs
  • IV medication administration
  • Cardiac monitoring and 12-lead ECG
  • Manual defibrillation and cardioversion
  • Transcutaneous pacing
  • Advanced Airway including endotracheal tube
  • Needle/Surgical cricothyrotomy
  • Needle Chest Decompression
  • Chest tube monitoring

See Also

References