• Type: Corticosteroid
  • Dosage Forms:
    • Betamethasone: Oral
    • Betamethasone valerate: 0.1% cream, ointment, lotion, 0.12% foam
    • Betamethasone dipropionate: 0.05% cream, ointment, lotion, spray, gel
  • Routes of Administration: PO, topical
  • Common Trade Names: Celestone, Celecestone Soluspan, Betaject, Betamethasone IM/PO, Diprolene, Luxiq, Dermabet, Alphatrex, Diprosone, Valnac, BetaVal, Sernivo

Adult Dosing

  • Topical: apply to affected area 1-2 times daily, max 50g or 50ml per week

Pediatric Dosing

>12yo, topical: apply to affected area 1-2 times daily, max 50g or 50ml per week

  • Syrup: 0.02 to 0.3 mg/kg/day in 3-4 divided doses

Special Populations


  • Allergy to class/drug

Adverse Reactions


  • Cushing's syndrome, secondary hypocorticolism, HPA axis supression
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Elevated ICP, glaucoma
  • Cataract, cortical blindness
  • Stroke, spinal cord infarct, paraplegia, tetraplegia, nerve injury
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Osteoporosis


  • Itching, burning, stinging of skin
  • Erythema, vesicles
  • Atrophic condition of skin
  • Folliculitis
  • Hypertension
  • Depression, euphoria


  • Half-life: 5.6h
  • Metabolism: Hepatic
  • Excretion: Renal

Mechanism of Action

  • Corticosteroid, anti-inflammatory action


See Also


  • American College Of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Practice Bulletin No. 171: Management of Preterm Labor. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;128(4):e155-164. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000001711. [PubMed 27661654]
  • American College Of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Committee Opinion No. 713: Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy for Fetal Maturation. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130(2):e102-e109. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002237. [PubMed 28742678]
  • American College Of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Practice Bulletin No. 188: Prelabor Rupture of Membranes. Obstet Gynecol. 2018;131(1):e1-e14. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002455. [PubMed 29266075]
  • Bae YS, Van Voorhees AS, Hsu S, et al, "Review of Treatment Options For Psoriasis in Pregnant or Lactating Women: From the Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation," J Am Acad Dermatol, 2012, 67(3):459-77. [PubMed 22018758]
  • Boot AM, Nauta J, Hokken-Koelega AC, et al, “Renal Transplantation and Osteoporosis,” Arch Dis Child, 1995, 72(6):502-6. [PubMed 7618934]
  • Bowman H and Lennard TW, “Immunosuppressive Drugs,” Br J Hosp Med, 1992, 48(9):570-3. [PubMed 1282440]
  • Brownfoot FC, Gagliardi DI, Bain E, Middleton P, Crowther CA. Different corticosteroids and regimens for accelerating fetal lung maturation for women at risk of preterm birth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;8:CD006764. [PubMed 23990333]
  • Butler DC, Heller MM, Murase JE. Safety of dermatologic medications in pregnancy and lactation: Part II. Lactation. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014;70(3):417.e1-10; quiz 427. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2013.09.009. [PubMed 24528912]
  • Cardone DA, Tallia AF. Joint and soft tissue injection. Am Fam Physician. 2002;66(2):283-288. [PubMed 12152964]
  • Celestone Soluspan (betamethasone) [prescribing information]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co Inc; February 2018.