Difference between revisions of "Valvular emergencies"

Line 3: Line 3:
 
#[[Mitral Regurgitation]]
 
#[[Mitral Regurgitation]]
 
#[[Aortic Stenosis]]
 
#[[Aortic Stenosis]]
 
+
#[[Aortic Regurgitation]]
 
 
==Aortic Regurgitation==
 
*Causes
 
**Endocarditis
 
**Aortic dissection
 
**Blunt chest trauma
 
===Diagnosis===
 
*Pulmonary edema
 
*Wide pulse pressure
 
*Dyspnea
 
*Hypotension (may progress to cardiogenic shock)
 
*Diastolic murmur heard immediately after S2
 
*CXR
 
**Pulmonary edema w/o cardiac enlargement
 
===Treatment===
 
*Immediate surgical intervention
 
*Reduce afterload
 
**Nitroprusside
 
*Diuretics and nitrates don't work
 
*Don't use beta blockers (block compensatory tachycardia)
 
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 21:08, 18 July 2011