Difference between revisions of "Vaginal Bleeding (Non-Pregnant)"

Line 2: Line 2:
 
*Normal menstruation:
 
*Normal menstruation:
 
**28 +/- 7d cycles; 4d of bleeding  
 
**28 +/- 7d cycles; 4d of bleeding  
*Definitions
+
===Definitions===
**Menorrhagia
+
#Menorrhagia
***Prolonged (>7d) or excessive (>60mL daily) vaginal bleeding at regular intervals  
+
##Prolonged (>7d) or excessive (>60mL daily) vaginal bleeding at regular intervals  
**Metrorrhagia
+
#Metrorrhagia
***Irregular vaginal bleeding outside the normal cycle
+
##Irregular vaginal bleeding outside the normal cycle
*Menometrorrhagia
+
#Menometrorrhagia
**Excessive irregular vaginal bleeding
+
##Excessive irregular vaginal bleeding
*Postcoital bleeding
+
#Postcoital bleeding
**Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, suggesting cervical pathology
+
##Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, suggesting cervical pathology
*Postmenopausal bleeding
+
#Postmenopausal bleeding
**Any bleeding that occurs >6 mo after cessation of menstruation
+
##Any bleeding that occurs >6 mo after cessation of menstruation
*Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
+
#Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
**Bleeding not due to an organic cause
+
##Bleeding not due to an organic cause
  
 
==Diagnosis==
 
==Diagnosis==

Revision as of 01:28, 20 August 2011

Background

  • Normal menstruation:
    • 28 +/- 7d cycles; 4d of bleeding

Definitions

  1. Menorrhagia
    1. Prolonged (>7d) or excessive (>60mL daily) vaginal bleeding at regular intervals
  2. Metrorrhagia
    1. Irregular vaginal bleeding outside the normal cycle
  3. Menometrorrhagia
    1. Excessive irregular vaginal bleeding
  4. Postcoital bleeding
    1. Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, suggesting cervical pathology
  5. Postmenopausal bleeding
    1. Any bleeding that occurs >6 mo after cessation of menstruation
  6. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
    1. Bleeding not due to an organic cause

Diagnosis

  • Must rule-out:
    • Pregnancy
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding dyscrasia
    • Infection
    • Retained foreign body

DDX

Systemic Causes

  1. Secondary anovulation
  2. Coagulopathy
    1. Von Willebrand, ITP
  3. Hypothyroidism
  4. Hormone replacement therapy
  5. Cirrhosis

Reproductive Tract Causes

  1. Fibroids
  2. Adenomyosis
  3. Endometriosis
  4. Neoplasia
  5. Infection (vaginitis, PID)
  6. Vaginal trauma
  7. Foreign Body
  8. IUD
  9. Atrophic endometrium
  10. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
    1. Diagnosis of exclusion
    2. Ovulatory: Excessive wt change, stress, exercise
    3. Anovulatory: postmenopause, premenopause, PCOS

Work-Up

  1. Urine pregnancy
  2. Hb
  3. Coags (only if h/o or suspect coaulopathy)
  4. ?TSH
  5. ?Pelvic u/s

Treatment

  1. Gyn consult
  2. Estrogen IV/PO (similar efficacy)
  3. Temporize bleeding w/ foley balloon or kerlix soaked in saline and thrombin
  4. Suture or silver nitrate if bleeding from trauma

Disposition

  • D/c home w/ OB/GYN f/u

Source

Tintinalli