Torticollis: Difference between revisions

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==Background==
==Background==
[[File:Sternohyoid muscle.png|thumb|Anterior muscles of the neck.]]
*Common term for various conditions of head and neck dystonia
*Common term for various conditions of head and neck dystonia
*Spasmodic torticollis is an abnormal contraction of the muscle in one side of the neck.
*Spasmodic torticollis is an abnormal contraction of the muscle in one side of the neck.
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==Clinical Features==
==Clinical Features==
*Painful neck with inability to fully range laterally
*[[Neck pain]] with inability to fully range laterally


==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==
{{Neck pain DDX}}
{{Neck pain DDX}}
*Anterior horn disease
{{Jaw spasms DDX}}
*C1 and C2 fractures
{{Movement disorder DDX}}
*Radiculopathy


==Evaluation==
==Evaluation==
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==Management==
==Management==
===Acute===
===Acute===
*Pain control and muscle relaxation (PO [[Benzodiazepine]] or [[Opioid]])
*[[analgesia|Pain control]] and muscle relaxation (PO [[benzodiazepine]] or [[opioid]])


===Chronic===
===Chronic===
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==See Also==
==See Also==
*[[Neck pain]]
*[[Neck pain]]
*[[Dystonic reaction]]


==References==
==References==

Latest revision as of 14:49, 11 December 2021

Background

Anterior muscles of the neck.
  • Common term for various conditions of head and neck dystonia
  • Spasmodic torticollis is an abnormal contraction of the muscle in one side of the neck.
  • Cause is generally idiopathic (80-90%)

Clinical Features

  • Neck pain with inability to fully range laterally

Differential Diagnosis

Neck pain

Jaw Spasms

Movement Disorders and Other Abnormal Contractions

Evaluation

  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Consider cervical X-ray to rule out fracture or dislocation (unlikely to be necessary if no midline tenderness or history of trauma)

Management

Acute

Chronic

  • Benztropine
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Physical Therapy

Disposition

  • Discharge

See Also

References