Difference between revisions of "Template:ICH Hypertension Guidelines"

(/* AHA Aneurysmal SAH BP GuidelinesBederson J. et al. Guidelines for the Management of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From a Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke. ...)
(Replaced content with "{{AHA spontaneous ICM BP guidelines}} {{AHA SAH BP Guidelines}}")
Line 1: Line 1:
===AHA Spontaneous ICH BP Guidelines<ref>Morgenstern, L. et al. Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke 2010;41;2108-2129 [http://bit.ly/ahaichguide PDF]</ref>===
+
{{AHA spontaneous ICM BP guidelines}}
#If SBP is >200 mm Hg or MAP is >150 mm Hg, then consider aggressive reduction of BP with continuous intravenous infusion, with frequent BP monitoring every 5 min.
 
#If SBP is >180 mmHg or MAP is >130mm Hg and there is the possibility of elevated ICP, then consider monitoring ICP and reducing BP using intermittent or continuous intravenous medications while maintaining a cerebral perfusion pressure ≥60 mm Hg
 
#If SBP is >180 mmHg or MAP is >130 mmHg and there is not evidence of elevated ICP, then consider a modest reduction of BP '''(eg, MAP of 110 mm Hg or target BP of 160/90 mm Hg)''' using intermittent or continuous intravenous medications to control BP and clinically reexamine the patient every 15 min
 
 
 
  
 
{{AHA SAH BP Guidelines}}
 
{{AHA SAH BP Guidelines}}

Revision as of 19:39, 10 January 2015

AHA Spontaneous ICH BP Guidelines 2015[1]

  1. If SBP is 150-220mmHg without contraindication to BP lowering, it is safe to acutely lower BP to 140mmHg and can be effective for improving functional outcome. (Class I Level A)
  2. For ICH patients presenting with SBP >220 mm Hg, it may be reasonable to consider aggressive reduction of BP with a continuous intravenous infusion and frequent BP monitoring (Class IIb; Level of Evidence C)

AHA Aneurysmal SAH BP Guidelines[2]

  1. No well-controlled studies exist that answer whether BP control influences rebleeding
  2. BP should be controlled to balance the risk of stroke, hypertension-related rebleeding, and maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure (Class I, Level of Evidence B).
  3. Nicardipine, labetalol, and esmolol are appropriate choices for BP control (Sodium nitroprusside may raise intracranial pressure and cause toxicity with prolonged infusion and should be avoided)
    1. Hemphill JC, et al. AHA/ASA Guideline: Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke 2015.
    2. Bederson J. et al. Guidelines for the Management of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From a Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke. 2009;40:994-1025 PDF