Stingray injury: Difference between revisions

(Created page with "==Background== ==Clinical Features== ==Differential Diagnosis== {{Marine envenomation DDX}} ==Workup== ==Management== ==Disposition== ==See Also== *Marine toxins and e...")
 
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==Background==
==Background==
===Mechanism===
*Punctures skin to introduce venom
*Generally local symptoms without systemic effects


==Clinical Features==
==Clinical Features==
===Symptoms===
*Vary with species
*Generally local pain
*Systemic symptoms can include  vomiting, hypotension, muscle cramps, paralysis, cardiac arrest


==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==
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==Management==
==Management==
*Supportive
*If visible remove spines and stinger
*'''Immediately immerse wound in hot water (45°C for 30-90min)'''
*Clean area
*Tetanus prophylaxis


==Disposition==
==Disposition==
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==Sources==
==Sources==
*Atkinson PRT. Is hot water immersion an effective treatment for marine envenomation? Emergency Medicine Journal. 2006;23(7):503–508. doi:10.1136/emj.2005.028456.
<references/>
<references/>
[[Category:Tox]][[category:Environ]]

Revision as of 20:38, 24 October 2014

Background

Mechanism

  • Punctures skin to introduce venom
  • Generally local symptoms without systemic effects

Clinical Features

Symptoms

  • Vary with species
  • Generally local pain
  • Systemic symptoms can include vomiting, hypotension, muscle cramps, paralysis, cardiac arrest


Differential Diagnosis

Marine toxins, envenomations, and bites

Workup

Management

  • Supportive
  • If visible remove spines and stinger
  • Immediately immerse wound in hot water (45°C for 30-90min)
  • Clean area
  • Tetanus prophylaxis

Disposition

See Also

External Links

Sources

  • Atkinson PRT. Is hot water immersion an effective treatment for marine envenomation? Emergency Medicine Journal. 2006;23(7):503–508. doi:10.1136/emj.2005.028456.