Difference between revisions of "Spinal cord levels"

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*S1-S2: Ankle Plantarflexion
 
*S1-S2: Ankle Plantarflexion
 
*S2-S4: Anal Sphincter Contraction
 
*S2-S4: Anal Sphincter Contraction
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[[File:Spinal cord tracts.svg|thumb|Spinal cord tracts]]
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[[File:Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - anterior.png|thumb|Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - anterior]]
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[[File:Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - posterior.png|thumb|Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - posterior]]
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[[File:Lower limb peripheral innervation.png|thumb|Lower limb peripheral innervation]]
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[[File:Foot peripheral innervation.svg|thumb|Foot peripheral innervation]]
  
 
=== Reflexes ===
 
=== Reflexes ===
[[File:Spinal cord tracts.svg|thumb|Spinal cord tracts]]
 
 
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Revision as of 23:06, 17 November 2014

Motor Exam

  • C3-C5: Diaphragm
  • C5: Shoulder Abduction
  • C5-C6: Elbow Flexion
  • C6-C7: Wrist Extension
  • C7-C8: Elbow Extension
  • C8: Finger Flexion
  • T1-T6: Intercostal Muscles
  • L3-L4: Thigh Adduction
  • L2-L4: Knee Extension
  • L4-L5: Ankle Dorsiflexion
  • L5-S1: Great Toe Extension
  • S1-S2: Ankle Plantarflexion
  • S2-S4: Anal Sphincter Contraction
Spinal cord tracts
Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - anterior
Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves - posterior
Lower limb peripheral innervation
File:Foot peripheral innervation.svg
Foot peripheral innervation

Reflexes

Level
Reflex
C5
biceps
C6
brachioradialis
C7 triceps
L3 quadriceps
S1 achilles tendon
S2,3,4 bulbocavernosus, anal wink


Sensory Exam

  • C2 Occiput
  • C3 Thyroid Cartilage
  • C4 Suprasternal Notch
  • C5 Below Clavicle
  • C6 Thumb
  • C7 Index Finger
  • C8 Little Finger
  • T4 Nipple Line
  • T10 Umbilicus
  • L1 Femoral Pulse
  • L2-L3 Medial Aspect of Thigh
  • L4 Knee
  • L5 Lateral Aspect of Calf
  • S1 Lateral Aspect of Foot
  • S2-S4 Perineal Region

Spinal Reflex Exam

  • C6 Biceps
  • C7 Triceps
  • L4 Patellar
  • S1 Achilles

See Also

Source

  • Netter's Atlas
  • Rosen's 2013, Chapter 43- Spinal Injuries- Tables 43-3,43-4