Rhinovirus

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Background

  • Most common cause for the common cold, especially during spring/summer/fall
  • Adapted to grow in temperatures between 33–35 °C (91–95 °F) which are found in the nose [1]
  • Among the smallest viruses, ssRNA
  • Transmitted via respiratory droplets or contact either direct or through fomite

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Viral respiratory illness also caused by:

  • Adenovirus
  • Coronaviruses
  • Influenza viruses (predominant during winter months)
  • Parainfluenza viruses
  • Enteroviruses
  • Human metapneumoviruses
  • RSV

Evaluation

  • Clinical diagnosis
  • PCR testing available

Management

  • Supportive care only
  • No vaccine available
  • Prevention through "social distancing", respiratory masks, and hand hygiene

See Also

External Links

References

  1. Jacobs SE, Lamson DM, George KS, and Walsh TJ. Human rhinoviruses. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. Jan 2013; 26(1): 135-162.