Difference between revisions of "Quadriceps tendon rupture"

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==Background==
 
==Background==
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[[File:Knee diagram2.png|thumb|Anatomy of anterolateral aspect of right knee.]]
 
*Occurs via forceful contraction of quadriceps muscle or falling on flexed knee
 
*Occurs via forceful contraction of quadriceps muscle or falling on flexed knee
 
*Typically occur 2cm from insertion on patella
 
*Typically occur 2cm from insertion on patella
 
{{Patellar vs Quadriceps tendon rupture}}
 
  
 
==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
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==Evaluation==
 
==Evaluation==
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[[File:Quad Tendon Rupture.gif|thumbnail|Quadriceps tendon rupture<ref>http://www.thepocusatlas.com/musculoskeletal/</ref>]]
 
*[[Ultrasound: Tendons|Ultrasound]]
 
*[[Ultrasound: Tendons|Ultrasound]]
 
**Separation of the tendon can be visualized
 
**Separation of the tendon can be visualized
 
*X-ray
 
*X-ray
 
**Patella baja/infera (low-riding patella)
 
**Patella baja/infera (low-riding patella)
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 +
{{Patellar vs Quadriceps tendon rupture}}
  
 
==Management==
 
==Management==
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==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==
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*Outpatient
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
*Uptodate
 
 
*Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics
 
*Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics
  
 
[[Category:Orthopedics]]
 
[[Category:Orthopedics]]
 +
[[Category:Sports Medicine]]

Latest revision as of 21:43, 21 May 2020

Background

Anatomy of anterolateral aspect of right knee.
  • Occurs via forceful contraction of quadriceps muscle or falling on flexed knee
  • Typically occur 2cm from insertion on patella

Clinical Features

  • Sudden "pop" or tearing
  • Diffuse swelling
  • Defect may be palpable above the patella
  • Partial tears lead to difficulty extending the knee
  • Complete tears lead to absent straight leg raise while supine or extension of the knee again

Differential Diagnosis

Knee diagnoses

Acute knee injury

Nontraumatic/Subacute

Evaluation

Quadriceps tendon rupture[1]
  • Ultrasound
    • Separation of the tendon can be visualized
  • X-ray
    • Patella baja/infera (low-riding patella)

Patellar vs Quadriceps tendon rupture

Finding Patellar tendon rupture Quadriceps tendon rupture
Location Distal to patella Proximal to patella
Typical group Patients <40yr with history of tendinitis or steroid injections Patients >40yr
X-ray Patella alta (high-riding patella) Patella baja/infera (low-riding patella)

Management

  • Ortho consult in the ED
  • Knee immobilizer, can be weight bearing
  • Operative repair advised within 7 days

Disposition

  • Outpatient

See Also

References

  • Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics