Difference between revisions of "Proximal humerus fracture"

(Differential Diagnosis)
m (Rossdonaldson1 moved page Proximal humerous fracture to Proximal humerus fracture over redirect)
(No difference)

Revision as of 10:57, 10 June 2015


  • Typically occur in elderly osteoporotic pts from FOOSH mechanism
  • Must rule-out axillary and brachial plexus neurovascular injuries
  • Greater tuberosity fx suggests rotator cuff tear
  • Lesser tuberosity fx suggests posterior shoulder dislocation
Prox humerus fracture.jpeg

Clinical Features

  • Pain, swelling, tenderness about the shoulder
  • Arm is held closely against chest wall


  • AP, lateral, and axillary radiographs
  • Fx of articular surface suggested by pseudosubluxation:
      • Superior joint hematoma pushes humerus down

Differential Diagnosis

Humerus Fractures

Humeral anatomy

Shoulder and Upper Arm Diagnoses



Refered pain & non-orthopedic causes:


  • Guided by the Neer System
    • Proximal humerus is divided into four "parts" based on epiphyseal lines:
      • Articular surface of humeral head
      • Greater tubercle
      • Lesser tubercle
      • Shaft of humerus
    • A "one-part" fx is one in which fragment is displaced <1cm or not angulated >45deg
  • "One-part" fracture:
    • Sling and swathe, ice, ortho referral
  • More than one-part fractures:
    • Ortho consult in the ED

See Also


  • Tintinalli