Piriformis syndrome

Background

  • Irritation of the sciatic nerve from the piriformis muscle

Clinical Features

  • Pain in area of buttocks and hamstring muscles
  • Worsened by sitting, climbing stairs, or squatting

Differential Diagnosis

Hip pain

Evaluation

  • May have palpable, tender mass over piriformis muscle
  • Hip flexion, passive internal rotation exacerbates pain

Management

  • Conservative

References