Difference between revisions of "Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder"

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==Background==
 
==Background==
A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal  control, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency
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*A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal  control, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency
  
 
==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
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*Obsessive-compulsive disorder<br />
 
*Obsessive-compulsive disorder<br />
 
*Hoarding disorder<br />
 
*Hoarding disorder<br />
*Other personality disorders<br />
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*Other [[personality disorders]]<br />
 
*Personality change due to another medical condition<br />
 
*Personality change due to another medical condition<br />
*Substance use disorders<br />
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*[[substance abuse|Substance use disorders]]<br />
  
 
==Evaluation==
 
==Evaluation==
A clinical diagnosis; however if entertaining other organic causes may initiate workup below
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*Clinical diagnosis; however if entertaining other organic causes may initiate workup below
  
 
{{General ED Psychiatric Workup}}
 
{{General ED Psychiatric Workup}}
  
 
==Management==
 
==Management==
Referral for outpatient psychiatric treatment, as psychotherapy is the primary treatment.
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*May need lots of reassurance
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*May avoid giving decisive answers
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*Try a low-key, casual tone
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*Respond with empathy for emotions, but be firm and set boundaries regarding requests for excessive reassurances (e.g. emphasize what is already reassuring about presentation and that additional tests cannot be performed at this time)
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*Emphasize follow-up plan and that patient can always return if deteriorates or not getting better
 +
*Referral for outpatient psychiatric treatment, as psychotherapy is the primary treatment.
  
 
==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==
Home
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*Discharge
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Latest revision as of 14:50, 11 October 2019

Background

  • A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control, at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency

Clinical Features

  • Four (or more) of the following criteria, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts:[1]
    • Is preoccupied with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost.
    • Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion (e.g., is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met).
    • Is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity).
    • Is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification).
    • Is unable to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value.
    • Is reluctant to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things.
    • Adopts a miserly spending style toward both self and others; money is viewed as something to be hoarded for future catastrophes.
    • Shows rigidity and stubbornness.

Differential Diagnosis

Evaluation

  • Clinical diagnosis; however if entertaining other organic causes may initiate workup below

General ED Psychiatric Workup

Management

  • May need lots of reassurance
  • May avoid giving decisive answers
  • Try a low-key, casual tone
  • Respond with empathy for emotions, but be firm and set boundaries regarding requests for excessive reassurances (e.g. emphasize what is already reassuring about presentation and that additional tests cannot be performed at this time)
  • Emphasize follow-up plan and that patient can always return if deteriorates or not getting better
  • Referral for outpatient psychiatric treatment, as psychotherapy is the primary treatment.

Disposition

  • Discharge

See Also

External Links

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.