Difference between revisions of "Non-neonatal hypoglycemia (peds)"

(Treatment)
(Treatment)
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**0.03 mg/kg subq/IV
 
**0.03 mg/kg subq/IV
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
{{Pediatric hypoglycemia chart}}
| '''Age'''
 
| '''Treatment'''
 
| '''Definition'''
 
|-
 
| <2mo
 
| D10W
 
| (glu <40)
 
|-
 
| 2mo-8yrs
 
| D25W
 
| (glu <60)
 
|-
 
| >8yrs
 
| D50W
 
| (glu <70)
 
|}
 
Dose all = 2mL/kg IV  (may use 4mL/kg for D10W) or use the Rule of 50 (5cc/kg for D10, 2cc/kg for D25, 1cc/kg for D50)
 
 
 
^recheck in all Q5min and repeat dose if low
 
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 19:17, 25 March 2015

Differential Diagnosis

  1. Ingestions (e.g. ETOH)
  2. Metabolic disease^
  3. Sepsis

^Save blood tubes before treatment

Treatment

  • Glucose
    • Bolus D10W 2mL/kg; then infuse D10W @ 0.06-0.08mL/kg/min
  • Glucagon
    • Used for persistent hypoglycemia despite glucose administration
    • 0.03 mg/kg subq/IV

Pediatric Hypoglycemia Dextrose Chart

Category Age Glucose Treatment Initial IV Bolus Maintenance Dose
Neonatal <2mo <40 D10W 2.5-5 mL/kg 6 mL/kg/h
Pediatric 2mo-8yrs <60 D25W 2 mL/kg

D10W:

  • 6 mL/kg/h for first 10 kg
  • + 3 mL/kg/h for 11–20 kg
  • + 1.5 mL/kg/h for each additional kg >20 kg
Adult >8yrs <70 D50W 50mL (1 amp) OR 1 mL/kg
  • Consider diluting the D25 or D50 bolus, with NS 1-to-1, as those concentrations may be sclerosing to veins
  • Recheck 5 minutes after dose and repeat dose if low.
  • Consider glucagon IM/SQ if IV access is not readily available

See Also

Hypoglycemia (Neonatal)

Hypoglycemia