Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis

Revision as of 05:35, 15 July 2016 by Rossdonaldson1 (talk | contribs) (Text replacement - "Hx " to "History ")


  • Gadolinium exposure (MRI with contrast) to patients with renal insufficiency (HD, PD, transplant)
  • Poorly understood pathogenesis
  • Chronic, progressive condition with rare cases of resolution in cases of return of renal function

Clinical Features

  • History of HD, PD, renal transplant
  • Gadolinium exposure, with timeline of symptom onset variable
  • Tightened, thickened, shiny skin
  • Peau d'orange appearance
  • Hand stiffening
  • Flexion contractures, severe mobility issues
  • Extremities more commonly affected than trunk
  • Face is almost never involved
  • Associations:

Differential Diagnosis


  • No particular lab or imaging diagnostics
  • Deep skin biopsy, including dermis, subQ fat, fascia


  • Treatments anecdotal and of minimal benefit
    • Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP)
    • UV phototherapy
    • Immunotherapy
  • No surgical role except renal transplant


  • Dermatologist for deep skin bx
  • Nephrologist for renal disease management
  • Does not inherently require inpatient care

See Also