Difference between revisions of "Nausea and vomiting"

(Management)
(Disposition)
 
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''This page is for adult patients; for pediatric patients see [[nausea and vomiting (peds)]]''
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{{Adult top}} [[nausea and vomiting (peds)]].''
 
==Background==
 
==Background==
 
[[File:Nausea_and_vomiting.png|thumb|Nausea and Vomiting Algorithm]]
 
[[File:Nausea_and_vomiting.png|thumb|Nausea and Vomiting Algorithm]]
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*Nausea and/or vomiting
 
*Nausea and/or vomiting
 
*Additional features of underlying process
 
*Additional features of underlying process
 
==Complications==
 
*[[Hypovolemia]]
 
*[[Metabolic alkalosis]]
 
*[[Hypokalemia]]
 
*[[Mallory-Weiss]] (tear)
 
*[[Boerhaave]] (rupture)
 
*Aspiration
 
  
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
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==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==
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*Depends on cause
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*Most non-specific episodes of acute nausea and vomiting may be discharged, if:
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**No emergent/urgent cause identified or suspected
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**Patient tolerating fluids after treatment
  
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==Complications==
 +
*[[Hypovolemia]]
 +
*[[Metabolic alkalosis]]
 +
*[[Hypokalemia]]
 +
*[[Mallory-Weiss]] (tear)
 +
*[[Boerhaave]] (rupture)
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*Aspiration
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 05:59, 14 May 2020

This page is for adult patients. For pediatric patients, see: nausea and vomiting (peds).

Background

Nausea and Vomiting Algorithm

Clinical Features

  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Additional features of underlying process

Differential Diagnosis

Nausea and vomiting

Critical

Emergent

Nonemergent

By organ system

GI

Neurologic

Infectious

Drugs/Toxins

Endocrine

Miscellaneous

Evaluation

Varies widely depending on clinical presentation

Management

Disposition

  • Depends on cause
  • Most non-specific episodes of acute nausea and vomiting may be discharged, if:
    • No emergent/urgent cause identified or suspected
    • Patient tolerating fluids after treatment

Complications

See Also

External Links

References