Difference between revisions of "Mesenteric ischemia"

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m (Rossdonaldson1 moved page Mesenteric Ischemia to Mesenteric ischemia)
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Revision as of 03:46, 27 October 2014

Pathophysiology

4 distinct entities:

  1. Mesenteric arterial embolism
  2. Mesenteric arterial thrombosis
  3. Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia
  4. Mesenteric venous thrombosis

Epidemiology

  1. Mean age: 70yo
  2. 2/3 women

Risk Factors

  1. CAD
  2. Valvular heart disease
  3. Dysrhythmia
  4. Hypovolemia / hypotension
  5. Meds
    1. Diuretics
    2. Vasoconstrictive
    3. Digoxin
  6. Dialysis

Signs/Symptoms

  1. Pain out of proportion to exam
  2. Severe, poorly localized, colicky

Work Up

  1. Labs
    1. Lactate (higher later)
    2. WBC (often >15K)
    3. Chemistry (metabolic acidosis)
  2. CTA
  3. Angiography

Treatment

  1. IVF
  2. IV Abx
  3. Narcotic analgesia

Acute arterial embolus

  1. Papaverine infusion (30-60 mg/h IV) OR
  2. surgical embolectomy OR
  3. intra-arterial thrombolysis

Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia

  1. Papaverine infusion

Mesenteric venous thrombosis

  1. Heparin/warfarin either alone or in combination with surgery
  2. Immediate heparinization should be started even when surgical intervention is indicated
    1. Decreases progression of thrombosis and improves survival

Chronic mesenteric ischemia

  1. Angioplasty with or without stent placement or surgical revascularization

Consultation

  1. IR
  2. Vascular
  3. Surgery

Source

6/06 MISTRY, Rosen's, Tintinalli