Difference between revisions of "Listeria monocytogenes"

(Background)
(Antibiotic SensitivitiesSanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010)
 
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*Intracellular aerobic [[Gram Positive]] motile rod
 
*Intracellular aerobic [[Gram Positive]] motile rod
  
==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010</ref>==
+
==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014</ref>==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Organisms'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Category'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Antibiotic'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''L. monocytogenes'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[L. monocytogenes]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Penicillins||Penicillin G||+
+
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Penicillin V||0
+
| ||[[Penicillin V]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins||Methicillin||0
+
| ||[[Methicillin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Nafcillin/Oxacillin||0
+
| ||[[Nafcillin]]/[[Oxacillin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cloxacillin/Diclox.||0
+
| ||[[Cloxacillin]]/[[Diclox.]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Amino-Penicillins||AMP/Amox||+
+
| Amino-[[Penicillins]]||[[AMP]]/[[Amox]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Amox/Clav||
+
| ||[[Amox-Clav]]||X2
 
|-
 
|-
| ||AMP-Sulb||+
+
| ||[[AMP-Sulb]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins||Ticarcillin||+
+
| Anti-Pseudomonal [[Penicillins]]||[[Ticarcillin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ticar-Clav||
+
| ||[[Ticar-Clav]]||X2
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Pip-Taxo||
+
| ||[[Pip-Tazo]]||X2
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Carbapenems]]||Piperacillin||+
+
| ||Piperacillin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Doripenem||+
+
| [[Carbapenems]]||Doripenem||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ertapenem||+/-
+
| ||[[Ertapenem]]||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Imipenem||+
+
| ||[[Imipenem]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Meropenem||+
+
| ||[[Meropenem]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Aztreonam]]||0
+
| ||[[Aztreonam]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Fluroquinolones]]||[[Ciprofloxacin]]||+
+
| [[Fluroquinolones]]||[[Ciprofloxacin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ofloxacin||0
+
| ||[[Ofloxacin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Pefloxacin||0
+
| ||Pefloxacin||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||+
+
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Moxifloxacin||+
+
| ||[[Moxifloxacin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Gemifloxacin||+
+
| ||Gemifloxacin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Gatifloxacin||+
+
| ||Gatifloxacin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 1st G [[Cephalosporin]]||Cefazolin||0
+
| 1st G [[Cephalo]]||Cefazolin||R
 
|-
 
|-
| 2nd G. [[Cephalosporin]]||[[Cefotetan]]||0
+
| 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotetan]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefoxitin||0
+
| ||[[Cefoxitin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefuroxime||0
+
| ||[[Cefuroxime]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| 3rd/4th G. [[Cephalosporin]]||[[CefoTAXime]]||0
+
| 3rd/4th G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotaxime]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefizoxime||0
+
| ||Cefizoxime||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||0
+
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftobiprole||
+
| ||Ceftaroline||X1
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftaroline||
+
| ||[[CefTAZidime]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[CefTAZidime]]||0
+
| ||[[Cefepime]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Cefepime]]||0
+
| Oral 1st G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefadroxil||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 1st G.  [[Cephalosporin]]||Cefadroxil||0
+
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||0
+
| Oral 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 2nd G.  [[Cephalosporin]]||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||0
+
| ||Cefproxil||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefproxil||0
+
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||0
+
| Oral 3rd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefixime||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 3rd G.  [[Cephalosporin]]||Cefixime||0
+
| ||Ceftibuten||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftibuten||0
+
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||0
+
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||SS
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||S
+
| ||Tobramycin||SS
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Tobramycin||S
+
| ||[[Amikacin]]||SS
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Amikacin]]||S
+
| ||[[Chloramphenicol]]||S
|-
 
| ||Chloramphenicol||+
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Clindamycin]]||
 
| ||[[Clindamycin]]||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Macrolides]]||Erythromycin||+
+
| [[Macrolides]]||Erythromycin||S
|-
 
| ||[[Azithromycin]]||+
 
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Clarithromycin||+
+
| ||[[Azithromycin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Ketolide||Telithromycin||+
+
| ||Clarithromycin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Tetracyclines||[[Doxycycline]]||+
+
| Ketolide||Telithromycin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Minocycline||+
+
| Tetracyclines||[[Doxycycline]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||+
+
| ||Minocycline||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||[[Vancomycin]]||+
+
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Teicoplanin||+
+
| ||Daptomycin||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Telavancin||+
+
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||[[Vancomycin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Fusidic Acid||
+
| ||Teicoplanin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Trimethoprim||+
+
| ||Telavancin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[TMP-SMX]]||+
+
| ||Fusidic Acid||X1
 
|-
 
|-
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||
+
| ||Trimethoprim||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Fosfomycin||
+
| ||[[TMP-SMX]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Other||[[Rifampin]]||+
+
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||X1
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Metronidazole]]||0
+
| ||Fosfomycin||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||+
+
| Other||[[Rifampin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Linezolid||+
+
| ||[[Metronidazole]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||[[Daptomycin]]||+/-
+
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Colistimethate||0
+
| ||[[Linezolid]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| ||Colistimethate||R
 
|}
 
|}
  

Latest revision as of 06:45, 3 June 2014

Background

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Category Antibiotic L. monocytogenes
Penicillins Penicillin G S
Penicillin V R
Methicillin R
Nafcillin/Oxacillin R
Cloxacillin/Diclox. R
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox S
Amox-Clav X2
AMP-Sulb S
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin S
Ticar-Clav X2
Pip-Tazo X2
Piperacillin S
Carbapenems Doripenem S
Ertapenem I
Imipenem S
Meropenem S
Aztreonam R
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin S
Ofloxacin R
Pefloxacin R
Levofloxacin S
Moxifloxacin S
Gemifloxacin S
Gatifloxacin S
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin R
2nd G. Cephalo Cefotetan R
Cefoxitin R
Cefuroxime R
3rd/4th G. Cephalo Cefotaxime R
Cefizoxime R
CefTRIAXone R
Ceftaroline X1
CefTAZidime R
Cefepime R
Oral 1st G. Cephalo Cefadroxil R
Cephalexin R
Oral 2nd G. Cephalo Cefaclor/Loracarbef R
Cefproxil R
Cefuroxime axetil R
Oral 3rd G. Cephalo Cefixime R
Ceftibuten R
Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren R
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin SS
Tobramycin SS
Amikacin SS
Chloramphenicol S
Clindamycin
Macrolides Erythromycin S
Azithromycin S
Clarithromycin S
Ketolide Telithromycin S
Tetracyclines Doxycycline S
Minocycline S
Glycylcycline Tigecycline S
Daptomycin I
Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides Vancomycin S
Teicoplanin S
Telavancin S
Fusidic Acid X1
Trimethoprim S
TMP-SMX S
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin X1
Fosfomycin R
Other Rifampin S
Metronidazole R
Quinupristin dalfoppristin S
Linezolid S
Colistimethate R

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

Table Overview

See Also

References

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014