Difference between revisions of "Idiopathic intracranial hypertension"

Line 3: Line 3:
 
*May be due to impaired arachnoid villi absorption
 
*May be due to impaired arachnoid villi absorption
 
*Associated with OCPs, vitamin A, tetracycline, and thyroid disorders
 
*Associated with OCPs, vitamin A, tetracycline, and thyroid disorders
 +
 +
==Work-Up==
 +
#CT scan (negative)
 +
#LP (Opening pressure >25)
  
 
==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
Line 15: Line 19:
 
#Neuro exam frequently normal  
 
#Neuro exam frequently normal  
  
==Work-Up==
+
==DDX==
#CT scan (negative)
+
#Aneurysm rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage
#LP (Opening pressure >25)
+
#Brain tumor
 +
#Encephalitis
 +
#Head injury
 +
#Hydrocephalus (increased fluid around the brain)
 +
#Hypertensive brain hemorrhage
 +
#Intraventricular hemorrhage
 +
#Meningitis
 +
#Subdural hematoma
 +
#Status epilepticus
 +
#Stroke
  
 
==Treatment==
 
==Treatment==

Revision as of 15:22, 22 July 2012

Background

  • Also known as pseudotumor cerebri
  • May be due to impaired arachnoid villi absorption
  • Associated with OCPs, vitamin A, tetracycline, and thyroid disorders

Work-Up

  1. CT scan (negative)
  2. LP (Opening pressure >25)

Clinical Features

  1. Headache
  2. N/V
  3. Vision blurring

Diagnosis

  1. Young, obese women
  2. Headache (worse in AM / with manuvers increasing ICP)
  3. Papilledema (optic atrophy/vision loss)
  4. Neuro exam frequently normal

DDX

  1. Aneurysm rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage
  2. Brain tumor
  3. Encephalitis
  4. Head injury
  5. Hydrocephalus (increased fluid around the brain)
  6. Hypertensive brain hemorrhage
  7. Intraventricular hemorrhage
  8. Meningitis
  9. Subdural hematoma
  10. Status epilepticus
  11. Stroke

Treatment

  1. Repeat LPs (decrease CSF pressure)
  2. Acetazolamide 500mg BID
  3. Weight loss
  4. CSF Shunt
  5. Optic nerve sheath fenestration

Disposition

  • Admit for:
    • Severe pain
    • Focal findings
    • Vision changes
  • Otherwise, discharge w/ ophtho f/u for formal visual field monitoring

Source

Tintinalli