Difference between revisions of "Heat cramps"

Line 4: Line 4:
 
*Occurs to those who sweat profusely and replace fluid losses with water
 
*Occurs to those who sweat profusely and replace fluid losses with water
 
**May occur during exercise, but more common during rest several hours later
 
**May occur during exercise, but more common during rest several hours later
 +
*Typically does not involve enough muscle mass to cause rhabdomyolysis
  
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==

Revision as of 01:09, 26 August 2015

Background

  • Painful, involuntary, spasmodic contractions of skeletal muscles
    • Usually affects calves, may involve thighs and shoulders
  • Occurs to those who sweat profusely and replace fluid losses with water
    • May occur during exercise, but more common during rest several hours later
  • Typically does not involve enough muscle mass to cause rhabdomyolysis

Differential Diagnosis

Environmental heat diagnoses

Treatment

  • Self-limited
  • Pain is difficult to treat
    • Often does not respond to opiates alone
  • Mild symptoms: sports drinks
  • Severe symptoms: IV normal saline

See Also

Source

Tintinalli