Difference between revisions of "Heat cramps"

Line 9: Line 9:
  
 
==Treatment==
 
==Treatment==
#Self-limited
+
*Self-limited
#Pain is difficult to treat
+
*Pain is difficult to treat
## often does not respond to opiates alone
+
**Often does not respond to opiates alone
#Gatorade or NS IV
+
*Mild symptoms: sports drinks
 +
*Severe symptoms: IV normal saline
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 01:08, 26 August 2015

Background

  • Painful, involuntary, spasmodic contractions of skeletal muscles
    • Usually affects calves, may involve thighs and shoulders
  • Occurs to those who sweat profusely and replace fluid losses with water
    • May occur during exercise, but more common during rest several hours later

Differential Diagnosis

Environmental heat diagnoses

Treatment

  • Self-limited
  • Pain is difficult to treat
    • Often does not respond to opiates alone
  • Mild symptoms: sports drinks
  • Severe symptoms: IV normal saline

See Also

Source

Tintinalli