Difference between revisions of "Heat cramps"

(Text replacement - "Category:Environ" to "Category:Environmental")
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{{Template:Heat Emergencies}}
 
{{Template:Heat Emergencies}}
  
==Diagnosis==
+
==Evaluation==
 
*Clinical diagnosis
 
*Clinical diagnosis
  
==Treatment==
+
==Management==
 
*Self-limited
 
*Self-limited
*Pain is difficult to treat
+
*[[analgesia|Pain]] is difficult to treat
**Often does not respond to opiates alone
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**Often does not respond to [[opioids]] alone
*Mild symptoms: sports drinks
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*Hydration
*Severe symptoms: IV normal saline
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**Mild symptoms: sports drinks
 +
**Severe symptoms: IV [[normal saline]]
  
 
==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==

Latest revision as of 18:58, 28 September 2019

Background

  • Occurs to those who sweat profusely and replace fluid losses with water
    • May occur during exercise, but more common during rest several hours later
  • Typically does not involve enough muscle mass to cause rhabdomyolysis[1]

Clinical Features

  • Painful, involuntary, spasmodic contractions of skeletal muscles[2]
    • Usually affects calves, may involve thighs and shoulders

Differential Diagnosis

Environmental heat diagnoses

Evaluation

  • Clinical diagnosis

Management

  • Self-limited
  • Pain is difficult to treat
    • Often does not respond to opioids alone
  • Hydration

Disposition

  • Usually outpatient

See Also

References

  1. Waters T. Heat Emergencies In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. McGraw Hill Medical. 2011: 1339-1344
  2. Waters T. Heat Emergencies In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. McGraw Hill Medical. 2011: 1339-1344