Difference between revisions of "Heat cramps"

(Background)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
##May occur during exercise or during a rest period several hrs later
 
##May occur during exercise or during a rest period several hrs later
 
##Relative hyponatremia
 
##Relative hyponatremia
 +
 +
==Differential Diagnosis==
 +
{{Template:Heat Emergencies}}
  
 
==Treatment==
 
==Treatment==
 
#Self-limited
 
#Self-limited
#Pain is difficult to tx; often does not respond to opiates alone
+
#Pain is difficult to treat
 +
## often does not respond to opiates alone
 
#Gatorade or NS IV
 
#Gatorade or NS IV
  

Revision as of 06:10, 6 May 2014

Background

  1. Painful, involuntary, spasmodic contractions of skeletal muscles
    1. Usually affects calves, thighs and shoulders
  2. Occurs to pts who are sweating profusely and replace fluid losses with water
    1. May occur during exercise or during a rest period several hrs later
    2. Relative hyponatremia

Differential Diagnosis

Environmental heat diagnoses

Treatment

  1. Self-limited
  2. Pain is difficult to treat
    1. often does not respond to opiates alone
  3. Gatorade or NS IV

See Also

Source

Tintinalli