Difference between revisions of "Heartland virus"

(See Also)
(Background)
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*New phlebovirus discovered in NW Missouri 2012, cases also describe in Tennessee
 
*New phlebovirus discovered in NW Missouri 2012, cases also describe in Tennessee
 
*Transmitted by lone star tick
 
*Transmitted by lone star tick
*8 reported cases (as of 2014)
+
*8 reported cases (as of 2014)<ref>http://www.cdc.gov/ncezid/dvbd/heartland/</ref>
 +
 
 +
{| class="sortable wikitable"
 +
|+ ''Heartland virus'' cases
 +
|-
 +
! Year
 +
! Location
 +
! Deaths
 +
! Cases
 +
|- valign="TOP"
 +
| 2009
 +
| Northwestern Missouri
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| 0
 +
| 2
 +
|- valign="TOP"
 +
| 2012-2013<ref>http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/822710</ref>
 +
| Missouri, Tennessee<ref>http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/06/09/cid.ciu434.abstract</ref>
 +
| 1
 +
| 6
 +
|- valign="TOP"
 +
| 2014
 +
| Missouri,<ref>http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/local/x701910561/Taking-up-arms-against-Heartland-disease</ref> Oklahoma<ref>http://www.cbsnews.com/news/rare-heartland-virus-kills-man-in-oklahoma/</ref>
 +
| 1
 +
| 2
 +
|- valign="TOP"
 +
|}
 +
 
 
==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
 
*Similar to other tick-born illnesses: fatigue, fever, arthralgias and myalgias
 
*Similar to other tick-born illnesses: fatigue, fever, arthralgias and myalgias

Revision as of 19:27, 5 December 2014

Background

  • New phlebovirus discovered in NW Missouri 2012, cases also describe in Tennessee
  • Transmitted by lone star tick
  • 8 reported cases (as of 2014)[1]
Heartland virus cases
Year Location Deaths Cases
2009 Northwestern Missouri 0 2
2012-2013[2] Missouri, Tennessee[3] 1 6
2014 Missouri,[4] Oklahoma[5] 1 2

Clinical Features

  • Similar to other tick-born illnesses: fatigue, fever, arthralgias and myalgias
  • Diarrhea
  • Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated transaminases

Differential Diagnosis

Tick Borne Illnesses

Workup

  • No confirmatory testing available

Management

  • Supportive measures

Disposition

See Also

External Links

Sources

Hall J, Khan Sajid Small Bugs with Big Bites, EM Resident Oct/Nov 2014 Vol 4:5; 11