Difference between revisions of "Electrolyte abnormalities"

(Created page with "==Diagnosis (Ranges)== Ion Low! Low High High! K 2.5 3.5 5.5 6.5 Ca 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.0 Na 120 135 150 (Osm >350) Mg Clinical 3.5 ==Treatment== Correct in the follo...")
 
(Evaluation)
 
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==Diagnosis (Ranges)==
+
==Evaluation==
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
| '''Ion'''
 +
| '''Low!'''
 +
| '''Low'''
 +
| '''High'''
 +
| '''High!'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''K'''
 +
| 2.5
 +
| 3.5
 +
| 5.5
 +
| 6.5
 +
|-
 +
| '''Ca'''
 +
| 6.5
 +
| 8.5
 +
| 10.5
 +
| 12.0
 +
|-
 +
| '''Na'''
 +
| 120
 +
| 135
 +
| 150
 +
| (Osm >350)
 +
|-
 +
| '''Mg'''
 +
| Clinical
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| 1.7
 +
| 3.5
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| '''Phos'''
 +
| 1.0
 +
| 2.8
 +
| 4.5
 +
| <br/>
 +
|}
 +
''Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories''
  
 +
==Differential Diagnosis==
 +
*Hyper
 +
**[[Hypercalcemia]]
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**[[Hyperkalemia]]
 +
**[[Hypermagnesemia]]
 +
**[[Hypernatremia]]
 +
**[[Hyperphosphatemia]]
 +
*Hypo
 +
**[[Hypocalcemia]]
 +
**[[Hypokalemia]]
 +
**[[Hypomagnesemia]]
 +
**[[Hyponatremia]]
 +
**[[Hypophosphatemia]]
  
Ion Low! Low High High!
+
==Management==
K 2.5 3.5 5.5 6.5
+
See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:
Ca 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.0
+
#Volume
Na 120 135 150 (Osm >350)
+
#[[Acid-Base|pH]]
Mg Clinical 3.5
+
#K, Ca, Mg
+
#Na, Cl
 
 
==Treatment==
 
 
 
 
 
Correct in the following order:
 
 
 
1) Volume
 
 
 
2) pH
 
 
 
3) K, Ca, Mg
 
 
 
4) Na, Cl
 
 
 
 
 
 
==Source ==
 
 
 
 
 
2/4/06 DONALDSON (adapted from Tintinalli)
 
 
 
  
 +
==See Also==
 +
*[[Hypoglycemia]]
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*[[Nutrition (main)]]
 +
*[[Acid-base disorders]]
  
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
  
 
[[Category:FEN]]
 
[[Category:FEN]]

Latest revision as of 16:33, 8 September 2019

Evaluation

Ion Low! Low High High!
K 2.5 3.5 5.5 6.5
Ca 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.0
Na 120 135 150 (Osm >350)
Mg Clinical 1.7 3.5
Phos 1.0 2.8 4.5

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories

Differential Diagnosis

Management

See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:

  1. Volume
  2. pH
  3. K, Ca, Mg
  4. Na, Cl

See Also

References