Difference between revisions of "Electrolyte abnormalities"

(Diagnosis)
(Evaluation)
 
(16 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
== Diagnosis ==
+
==Evaluation==
 
+
{| class="wikitable"
{| class="pbNotSortable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" width="200"
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Ion'''
 
| '''Ion'''
Line 29: Line 28:
 
| '''Mg'''
 
| '''Mg'''
 
| Clinical
 
| Clinical
 +
| 1.7
 
| 3.5
 
| 3.5
| <br/>
+
|  
| <br/>
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Phos'''
 
| '''Phos'''
 
| 1.0
 
| 1.0
 
| 2.8
 
| 2.8
 +
| 4.5
 
| <br/>
 
| <br/>
| <br/>
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
''Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories''
  
==DDX==
+
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
*Hyper
 
*Hyper
 
**[[Hypercalcemia]]
 
**[[Hypercalcemia]]
Line 47: Line 46:
 
**[[Hypermagnesemia]]  
 
**[[Hypermagnesemia]]  
 
**[[Hypernatremia]]  
 
**[[Hypernatremia]]  
 +
**[[Hyperphosphatemia]]
 
*Hypo
 
*Hypo
 
**[[Hypocalcemia]]  
 
**[[Hypocalcemia]]  
Line 54: Line 54:
 
**[[Hypophosphatemia]]
 
**[[Hypophosphatemia]]
  
==Treatment==
+
==Management==
Correct in the following order:
+
See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:
 
#Volume
 
#Volume
 
#[[Acid-Base|pH]]
 
#[[Acid-Base|pH]]
Line 63: Line 63:
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[Hypoglycemia]]
 
*[[Hypoglycemia]]
 +
*[[Nutrition (main)]]
 +
*[[Acid-base disorders]]
  
==Source ==
+
==References==
*Tintinalli
+
<references/>
  
 
[[Category:FEN]]
 
[[Category:FEN]]

Latest revision as of 16:33, 8 September 2019

Evaluation

Ion Low! Low High High!
K 2.5 3.5 5.5 6.5
Ca 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.0
Na 120 135 150 (Osm >350)
Mg Clinical 1.7 3.5
Phos 1.0 2.8 4.5

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories

Differential Diagnosis

Management

See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:

  1. Volume
  2. pH
  3. K, Ca, Mg
  4. Na, Cl

See Also

References