Difference between revisions of "Electrolyte abnormalities"

(See Also)
(Evaluation)
 
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== Diagnosis (Ranges) ==
+
==Evaluation==
 
+
{| class="wikitable"
{| class="pbNotSortable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" width="200"
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Ion'''
 
| '''Ion'''
Line 9: Line 8:
 
| '''High!'''
 
| '''High!'''
 
|-
 
|-
| K
+
| '''K'''
 
| 2.5
 
| 2.5
 
| 3.5
 
| 3.5
Line 15: Line 14:
 
| 6.5
 
| 6.5
 
|-
 
|-
| Ca
+
| '''Ca'''
 
| 6.5
 
| 6.5
 
| 8.5
 
| 8.5
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| 12.0
 
| 12.0
 
|-
 
|-
| Na
+
| '''Na'''
 
| 120
 
| 120
 
| 135
 
| 135
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| (Osm >350)
 
| (Osm >350)
 
|-
 
|-
| Mg
+
| '''Mg'''
 
| Clinical
 
| Clinical
 +
| 1.7
 
| 3.5
 
| 3.5
| <br/>
+
|  
 +
|-
 +
| '''Phos'''
 +
| 1.0
 +
| 2.8
 +
| 4.5
 
| <br/>
 
| <br/>
 
|}
 
|}
 +
''Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories''
  
==Treatment==
+
==Differential Diagnosis==
Correct in the following order:
 
#Volume
 
#pH
 
#K, Ca, Mg
 
#Na, Cl
 
 
 
==See Also==
 
 
*Hyper
 
*Hyper
 +
**[[Hypercalcemia]]
 
**[[Hyperkalemia]]  
 
**[[Hyperkalemia]]  
 
**[[Hypermagnesemia]]  
 
**[[Hypermagnesemia]]  
 
**[[Hypernatremia]]  
 
**[[Hypernatremia]]  
**[[Hypercalcemia]]
+
**[[Hyperphosphatemia]]
 
*Hypo
 
*Hypo
 
**[[Hypocalcemia]]  
 
**[[Hypocalcemia]]  
Line 54: Line 54:
 
**[[Hypophosphatemia]]
 
**[[Hypophosphatemia]]
  
==Source ==
+
==Management==
2/4/06 DONALDSON (adapted from Tintinalli)
+
See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:
 +
#Volume
 +
#[[Acid-Base|pH]]
 +
#K, Ca, Mg
 +
#Na, Cl
 +
 
 +
==See Also==
 +
*[[Hypoglycemia]]
 +
*[[Nutrition (main)]]
 +
*[[Acid-base disorders]]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
  
 
[[Category:FEN]]
 
[[Category:FEN]]

Latest revision as of 16:33, 8 September 2019

Evaluation

Ion Low! Low High High!
K 2.5 3.5 5.5 6.5
Ca 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.0
Na 120 135 150 (Osm >350)
Mg Clinical 1.7 3.5
Phos 1.0 2.8 4.5

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories

Differential Diagnosis

Management

See individual pages above for specific management. Generally, correct in the following order:

  1. Volume
  2. pH
  3. K, Ca, Mg
  4. Na, Cl

See Also

References