Diuretics

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Types

High ceiling/loop diuretic

Thiazides

act on the distal convoluted tubule and inhibit the sodium-chloride symporter

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors

inhibit the enzyme carbonic anhydrase in the proximal convoluted tubule

Potassium-sparing diuretics

Osmotic diuretics

increase osmolality and work primarily by expanding extracellular fluid and plasma volume, therefore increasing blood flow to the kidneys

See Also