Difference between revisions of "Atopic dermatitis"

(Text replacement - "Category:Peds" to "Category:Pediatrics")
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*Triamcinolone, hydrocortisone, or betamethasone
 
*Triamcinolone, hydrocortisone, or betamethasone
 
*Avoid fluoridinated steroids to the face
 
*Avoid fluoridinated steroids to the face
 +
*Consider [[doxepin]] for recalcitrant pruritis<ref>Hercogova J. Topical anti-itch therapy. Dermatol Ther 18(4):341-3 (2005 Jul-Aug).</ref><ref>Drake L, Cohen L, Gillies R, et al. Pharmakinetics of doxepin in subjects with pruritic atopic dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol 41(2):209-14 (1999 Aug).</ref>
 +
**25-50 mg PO qhs
 +
**Or topical doxepin cream 5% QID
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 16:46, 8 June 2016

Background

  • Must distinguish from Seborrheic Dermatitis
    • Occurs between 2-6mo (somewhat later than seborrheic dermatitis)
    • Pruritic (may manifest as fussiness) vs seborrheic (not pruritic)
Atopic dermatitits.jpg

Clinical features

  • Atopic personal or family hx, worse in winter, dry weather
  • Erythema, crusts, fissures, pruritis, excoriations, lichenification
  • Infantile form - blisters, crusts, exfoliations
    • Face, scalp, extremities
    • 1st few months of life, resolving by age 2
    • Differentiate from impetigo (which may occur alongside)
  • Adults
    • Dryness, thickening in AC and popliteal fossa, neck

Diagnosis

  • Dry skin, erythematous papular lesions
  • Face most commonly involved; nose and diaper areas spared

Differential Diagnosis

Neonatal Rashes

Complications

Treatment

  • Identify and eliminate triggers
  • Reduce drying of skin
  • Liberal application of emollients (vaseline)
  • Triamcinolone, hydrocortisone, or betamethasone
  • Avoid fluoridinated steroids to the face
  • Consider doxepin for recalcitrant pruritis[1][2]
    • 25-50 mg PO qhs
    • Or topical doxepin cream 5% QID

See Also

Sources

  • Hercogova J. Topical anti-itch therapy. Dermatol Ther 18(4):341-3 (2005 Jul-Aug).
  • Drake L, Cohen L, Gillies R, et al. Pharmakinetics of doxepin in subjects with pruritic atopic dermatitis. J Am Acad Dermatol 41(2):209-14 (1999 Aug).