Difference between revisions of "Ampicillin"

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*Excretion:  
 
*Excretion:  
 
*Mechanism of Action:
 
*Mechanism of Action:
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==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014</ref>==
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{| class="wikitable"
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| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Group'''
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| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Organism'''
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| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Sensitivity'''
 +
|-
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| Gram Positive||[[Strep. Group A, B, C, G]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Strep. Pneumoniae]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Viridans strep]]||I
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|-
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| ||Strep. anginosus gp||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Enterococcus faecalis]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Enterococcus faecium]]||I
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|-
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| ||[[MSSA]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[MRSA]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[CA-MRSA]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Staph. Epidermidis]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[C. jeikeium]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[L. monocytogenes]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| Gram Negatives||[[N. gonorrhoeae]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[N. meningitidis]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Moraxella catarrhalis]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[H. influenzae]]||I
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|-
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| ||[[E. coli]]||I
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|-
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| ||[[Klebsiella]] sp||R
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|-
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| ||E. coli/Klebsiella ESBL+||R
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|-
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| ||E coli/Klebsiella KPC+||R
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|-
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| ||[[Enterobacter]] sp, AmpC neg||R
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|-
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| ||[[Enterobacter]] sp, AmpC pos||R
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|-
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| ||[[Serratia]] sp||R
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|-
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| ||Serratia marcescens||X1
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|-
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| ||[[Salmonella]] sp||I
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|-
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| ||[[Shigella]] sp||I
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|-
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| ||[[Proteus mirabilis]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Proteus vulgaris]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Providencia sp.]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Morganella sp.]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Citrobacter freundii]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Citrobacter diversus]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Citrobacter sp.]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Aeromonas sp]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Acinetobacter sp.]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Pseudomonas aeruginosa]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Burkholderia cepacia]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Stenotrophomonas maltophilia]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Yersinia enterocolitica]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Francisella tularensis]]||X1
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|-
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| ||[[Brucella sp.]]||X1
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|-
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| ||[[Legionella sp.]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Pasteurella multocida]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Haemophilus ducreyi]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Vibrio vulnificus]]||X1
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|-
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| Misc||[[Chlamydophila sp]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Mycoplasm pneumoniae]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Rickettsia sp]]||X1
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|-
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| ||[[Mycobacterium avium]]||X1
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|-
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| Anaerobes||[[Actinomyces]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Bacteroides fragilis]]||R
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|-
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| ||[[Prevotella melaninogenica]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Clostridium difficile]]||X1
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|-
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| ||[[Clostridium (not difficile)]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Fusobacterium necrophorum]]||'''S'''
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|-
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| ||[[Peptostreptococcus sp.]]||'''S'''
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|}
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===Key===
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{{Template:Antibacterial Spectra Key}}
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 03:20, 24 June 2014

General

  • Type:
  • Dosage Forms:
  • Common Trade Names:

Adult Dosing

Pediatric Dosing

Special Populations

  • Pregnancy:
  • Lactation:
  • Renal Dosing
    • Adult
    • Pediatric
  • Hepatic Dosing
    • Adult
    • Pediatric

Contraindications

  • Allergy to class/drug

Adverse Reactions

Serious

Common

Pharmacology

  • Half-life:
  • Metabolism:
  • Excretion:
  • Mechanism of Action:

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Group Organism Sensitivity
Gram Positive Strep. Group A, B, C, G S
Strep. Pneumoniae S
Viridans strep I
Strep. anginosus gp S
Enterococcus faecalis S
Enterococcus faecium I
MSSA R
MRSA R
CA-MRSA R
Staph. Epidermidis R
C. jeikeium R
L. monocytogenes S
Gram Negatives N. gonorrhoeae R
N. meningitidis S
Moraxella catarrhalis R
H. influenzae I
E. coli I
Klebsiella sp R
E. coli/Klebsiella ESBL+ R
E coli/Klebsiella KPC+ R
Enterobacter sp, AmpC neg R
Enterobacter sp, AmpC pos R
Serratia sp R
Serratia marcescens X1
Salmonella sp I
Shigella sp I
Proteus mirabilis S
Proteus vulgaris R
Providencia sp. R
Morganella sp. R
Citrobacter freundii R
Citrobacter diversus R
Citrobacter sp. R
Aeromonas sp R
Acinetobacter sp. R
Pseudomonas aeruginosa R
Burkholderia cepacia R
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia R
Yersinia enterocolitica R
Francisella tularensis X1
Brucella sp. X1
Legionella sp. R
Pasteurella multocida S
Haemophilus ducreyi R
Vibrio vulnificus X1
Misc Chlamydophila sp R
Mycoplasm pneumoniae R
Rickettsia sp X1
Mycobacterium avium X1
Anaerobes Actinomyces S
Bacteroides fragilis R
Prevotella melaninogenica S
Clostridium difficile X1
Clostridium (not difficile) S
Fusobacterium necrophorum S
Peptostreptococcus sp. S

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

See Also

Source

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014